On 15 February 1940, at a time when the composer was living on Guernsey, Ireland’s grand choral work, These Things Shall Be, was performed in Rotterdam. The performance was given by the Stem des Volks Choir (below) and Orchestra . It was not surprising that this ‘Voice of the People’ took on Ireland’s work. Founded in 1898 by a diamond cutter, Adolf Samson de Levita (1868–1934), the Stem des Volks was a socialist choir known for singing the’ Internationale’, which in 1940 still appeared in Ireland’s score. One of their best-known conductors was Jan Antoon Krelage (1885–1957), seen right, but the director on this occasion in 1940 was Piet’t Hart, who conducted the choir several times. A new Dutch translation was made and the work very well received.